Understanding the Basics of Voltage Drop

The reduction in the supplied energy of a voltage source as electric current passes through the passive elements of an electrical circuit is described as voltage drop. Put simply, it is the decrease in voltage as current moves through a wire in an electrical circuit. This phenomenon can lead to serious electrical issues if allowed to get out of hand. What causes a voltage drop and what are its effects? What can you do to avoid issues where this phenomenon is concerned?

Acceptable drop

It is not an unusual thing for some level of energy to be lost to the wire conducting it. But the real problem arises when the voltage drop is greater than set limits. There are voltage drop thresholds for different conductors, depending on type, amperage, load and length. In the US, the National Electric Code (NEC) sets the maximum voltage drop at 5% with a view to ensuring power efficiency. Anything beyond that limit is considered excess voltage drop.


Causes of excess voltage drop


The resistance level of an electrical circuit plays a major role in the degree of voltage drop. The higher the level of resistance, the greater the voltage drop. High resistance, which is characterized by less power reaching the load, is often attributable to the use of wires that are not compliant with code standards. This means the use of a wire that is not suitable for a particular circuit.


High resistance is not only caused by ineffective wires. It could also result from issues at wiring junctions or at outlet terminals. These problems include loose connections in a circuit or poor splices in it. High resistance may also occur as a result of corroded connections in a circuit.


Effects of a voltage drop


This electrical phenomenon can cause electrical equipment to malfunction. Low voltage causes electrical equipment powered with it to work in an irregular manner. If care is not taken, an excess voltage drop can make a piece of equipment to become damaged and stop working. Low voltage may even cause the load to perform harder and this does not make for efficient use of energy.


Voltage drop can cause heat to surge at a high resistance connection. In a situation where sufficient ventilation is not provided or there is a combustible material near the heating connection, a fire incident could result. A good number of fire incidents every year are caused by defective wiring, switches and receptacles.


Protecting against voltage drop


The most important step you can take to guard against problems such as fires that could result from voltage drop is the use of appropriate wires. Since wire that does not meet electrical code standards are responsible for high resistance, it then follows that the use of appropriate, standard wires can help guard against voltage drop. The use of a voltage drop calculator will be helpful in choosing the right wire and size.


There are times when a voltage drop occurs after some major appliances such as refrigerators and air conditioners are turned on. These appliances need and draw significant current to function, possibly at the expense of other smaller appliances and lighting fixtures. This type of voltage drop can be remedied by having dedicated circuits installed for these major appliances.


Voltage drop can bring issues which you will rather wish to do without. Steps should be taken to ensure that this electrical phenomenon is guarded against — this will very likely require the help of qualified electricians.

Some Essential Factors to Consider When Buying a Treadmill

A treadmill is a special piece of equipment designed for what could be called stationary movement such as running or walking in the same place. The device has a long history, of which you can read more. Originally invented as a punitive mechanism, the treadmill has become, perhaps, the most popular tool for home exercises. Its use offers several benefits for overall wellbeing. But before buying a treadmill, there are essential factors that you will do well to consider since it is a big money purchase. Here we present some of these factors.


Budget – It is important to have a definite amount set aside for the treadmill purchase – such an amount that will not compromise your other plans. Treadmill prices range from as little as few hundred dollars to several thousands. The important thing is to determine how frequent you intend using the device and the essential options or features for you.

Power – The power of a treadmill is measured in horsepower (HP). The best power rating for your treadmill will depend on the frequency and purpose of use. For most people, a continuous horsepower in the range 1.5-2.5 is adequate for light activity such as walking or jogging. A 3.0 HP continuous duty motor will be needed if you intend using the piece of equipment for vigorous activity like running.

Space – It is important to ensure there is enough space in your home before buying a treadmill. The ideal place to keep the machine should have ample space around it and restricted from your kids and pets to guard against injury. Therefore, it is important to know the dimensions of whatever treadmill you are buying beforehand. The right location should also be close to proper power source, as the machine’s weight may make it cumbersome to move around later.

Belt size – You should give consideration to the length and width of your chosen treadmill. Width should ideally hover around 20 inches – depending on who will use it – to allow for enough room. Also, the length of the running area should be 50 inches or more, based on height, for sufficient stride space.

Price – It is common, and rational, to think about price when buying something. However, you should not let price override other relevant considerations when buying a treadmill. It is often true that you get what you pay for. You may actually end up paying more for a “cheap” treadmill in the long run if care is not taken.

Reputation and Reviews – You need to give serious thought to the reputation of whatever company making the treadmill you have in focus. Some brands are known for producing higher quality products than others. It is equally worthy of trying to check what sites such as treadmillwatch.com reviewing treadmills have to say. User reviews are also helpful.

It is further advisable to test and have warranty in writing before making your purchase. With all this in mind, you are on your way to buying the best treadmill for you. It also helps if the machine you buy has the incline feature, which amplifies the benefits of using a treadmill.

Self-defense: Safeguarding Yourself

We live in a harsh, violent world where murders, crimes, robberies, assaults are a usual phenomena. Albeit our government and law enforcers are trying their best to keep the felonious acts to a minimum level, it is our job to protect ourselves and our loved ones. And, that is when self defense comes in handy. Self defense is a great way to protect ourselves from our assailants. In order to do so, it is always best to keep yourself equipped at all times by carrying some self defense tools in person. But you need to be extra careful while choosing one, because not all weapons are made for everybody. So if a wave of panic hits you every time you think about buying the perfect self defense weapon for yourself,  then hold on to your seats as we are about to pull you out of your dilemma.

Pepper Sprays

Whether you are a young women walking alone by the streets or an elder person living on your own, pepper sprays are a phenomenal self defense tool that are beneficial to have around. They are light weight and portable. You can easily carry them on your bags, purses or even keep one in your car. The spray inflames the assailant’s mucous membranes of the eye, throat and lungs. This causes the attacker to close his eyes immediately and be temporarily blinded for good 30 minutes, giving you enough time to escape to safety. Pepper sprays come in all shapes and sizes. They can be disguised as lipsticks, pens, rings and so forth.

Taser guns

Taser guns are probably the most popular self defense weapon known. It is usually carried by the police and security officers, but is now available to the general public as well. This hi-tech weapon is extremely handy and can be placed in your bags and pockets. Taser guns temporarily disable the movement of your attacker’s body, giving you enough time to runaway. It does not kill anybody. The best feature about taser gun is that they can be fired from a distance up to 15 feet away from the attacker, helping you to keep a safe distance from your assailant. They are available in various designs and colors.

self defense


Many people think that the best way to keep oneself protected is by gun ownership. They give you a feeling of security and protection. Guns can be your ultimate weapon of defense against criminals and burglars. Carrying a handgun is enough to fend off an attacker or keep burglars at bay. Handguns are highly portable and you can carry them your bag, pockets or even in your hand. They come in diverse shapes and sizes. But make sure you are comfortable when you hold a gun. Handgun in the wrong hands and used inappropriately can be a recipe for a disaster.

Bottom line

There is a plethora of other self-defense tools other than the ones mentioned above. But before purchasing your ultimate weapon, make sure you know how to use them and understand the ramifications of carrying them. Mishandling of a weapon can cause a serious accident and may harm you instead.

How to Become a Certified Nursing Assistant

The usefulness of a certified nursing assistant in a medical setting cannot be overemphasized. Probably as a testament of this fact, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics predicts job outlook of 21 percent for the profession through 2022. This is no doubt a good reason to consider working as a CNA. Perhaps, you are already contemplating becoming a CNA, or know someone who is, and you are wondering how to go about it. Read on.

Who is a Certified Nursing Assistant?

A CNA is part of what is called unlicensed assistive personnel. This class of paraprofessionals usually works under the supervision of registered nurses (RNs) or licensed practical nurses (LPNs). A CNA assists patients or individuals with health care needs in performing such tasks such as dressing, feeding or eating and bathing, amongst others. Given the nature of their duties, CNA may work for several hours standing.

Becoming a CNA

The only reason you are probably reading this is for ideas on how to become a CNA. What steps should you take?

certified nursing assistant

Determine fit – The first step to take toward becoming a CNA is to determine how appropriate such a job is to your person. You need to be fully aware and prepared for the sort of tasks you may have to handle. This could include changing dirty bed sheets, taking care of bed pans and, of course, relating patiently with people in need of care and attention. It is also advisable that you determine how appropriate working as a CNA will be to your long-term career goal.

Register for CNA classes – You have options when it comes to registering for classes. If you are too busy to attend or not ready for classes in a campus setting, you can look for CNA classes to take online. This means you can keep your day job while learning on the side. Aside being flexible, online CNA courses are also less-expensive compared to conventional classes.

Undergo training – After deciding the form of CNA classes you want, it is time to complete requisite training. CNA training programs take any length of time from 3 weeks to 6 months. A program usually involves reading, discussions and online assignments, amongst others. One argument for campus CNA programs is that they allow access to practical training, not just theories. But then, a good online program will also provide practical, hands-on training.

Take and pass exams – It is required for anyone aspiring to become a CNA to undergo at least 75 hours of classroom and practical training. At the completion of this compulsory training, you are expected to sit for and pass necessary examinations to qualify for a CNA license.

Use your certificate – You have done all that is required once you get your license, right? Not exactly. It is required for CNAs to be employed for their license to remain valid. Your license may become void after being unemployed as a CNA, or similar, for more than two years.

If you think yourself a caring, patient and understanding person, working as a CNA might just be perfect for you. There is also opportunity to become a registered nurse or other allied health professional by taking relevant courses.

Explore South America on a Horse Back

Anyone who loves adventure certainly loves horseback riding. And anyone who hasn’t tried it yet definitely dreams of trying it. For many, horseback riding is a wonderful treat that should be experienced.

There are many places in the world where you can fulfill your dream to ride a horse, but one of the best places to do this is in South America. With its wide open spaces, wonderful rain forests, breathtaking mountain views, towering waterfalls, and intriguing islands, South America is an ultimate destination for a horseback riding vacation.

There are many choices of location to ride in South America, such as in Argentina, Chile, Peru, Ecuador, Uruguay, and Brazil. These places also have a lot of different horseback riding holidays that you will truly enjoy and will make you appreciate their culture. And wherever you go, you can easily find fine horses, such as the famous Criollos and Peruvian Pasos. You can also have the opportunity to ride on them while touring in the Inca Empire in Peru, Atacama Desert in Chile, Galapos Islands in Ecuador, wide open pampas in Argentina, and large plateau in Brazil.

riding horse

The length of tour you’ll experience depends on your personal preference. Touring companies in South America offer different touring packages, from one to multi- day travels. They also provide different riding trip, from adventurous camping to comfortable accommodation. Again, your choice depends on your personal choice (what’s the most comfortable for you) and how much budget you have. Depending on the length of the tour, the touring company will provide you the equipment you need, in addition to the horses and saddles, including camping tents, food, cooking items, and any fees along the route you’ll take. All you need to bring are personal items and other important stuff for your comfort, including sleeping bag, air mattress, flashlights, batteries, and clothing.

To make the most out of your horseback riding adventure, make sure that you have all the supplies that you need before travelling. Check the website of the touring company or search online to determine the exact list of what you need to bring, and purchase them on reputable shops, like in One Stop Equine Shop.

Once your things are ready, you can already enjoy your trip to the beautiful sights of South America. However, keep in mind that horseback riding requires certain physical fitness, strength, and some horseback riding skill, especially if you plan to make long tours. You might want to work on your physical health, too, before taking the trip to truly enjoy the experience. The thing is most of the routes to your destinations are too rough for a vehicle that the only way to reach them is through horses. So be ready and enjoy!

Tips in Hiring an Electrician

In terms of electrical projects, the right person must be contacted to get the job done properly. The main reason is for safety purposes. A person does not just automatically hire an electrician instantly. Of course, there are a couple of kinds of electricians. Hence, it would advisable to find the right one fits for the task. In order for you to find the best qualified person in your area, below are some tips to consider.

License of the contractor: any electrician must have a legitimate contractor’s license. When looking to get the services of electricians, it would first be advisable to ensure that they are qualified and have a license to show to prove that they are best suited for the task. Such people are those who passed some related trainings prescribed by the state. Determining which of the various electrical jobs he has been approved to handle would also be essential.

Air Conditioning Repair

Particular services: the type of the services that the electrician is able to perform must also be checked. A technician has got a couple of work that can manage to work on. Electricians can test the ground wires prior to any digging process. Electricians from Rapid Electric can repair damaged fuse box or even damaged wires. What’s important is that no matter what type of work it would be, checking first if the technician is capable of doing a certain task is advisable.

Experience: it is also important to check the past experiences of the electrician. This can be beneficial in assessing his skills on a certain task. When the hired technician is not properly trained or capable of fixing the job the right way, damage to the property can be likely.

References/Referrals: references matters just like the ones you see in the resume. These people can attest the real expertise of the person.

Equipments: the equipment of the technician is rarely checked by a customer. Of course, most of the times, customers are no longer aware of what he will use to fix whatever electrical damage they may have at home. However, a good electrician would always have everything on hand so as to carry out various tasks. He have and use only the latest tools so as to determine if he is constantly updated with all the latest trends emerging these days.

The above points mentioned above can be very advantageous for anyone looking to hire the best technician that can deliver good results. With such, you can surely get the most out of the highly qualified technician you hired for the job. There can be a lot of electricians to find but only a few can absolutely provide what you are looking for.

A good company to entrust all your electrical needs would be Rapid Electric. With them, they can guarantee that you will get high quality service at a price that is very competitive. They guarantee absolutely no extra charges for weekends, nights, and holidays. They offer fast 60 minute service perfect for any residential and commercial service requirement.


How To Choose a Bookkeeper

With literally every person (and their dog) working as a Book keeper these days, how do you know which one suits your needs? New Americans are simply spoilt for choice when it comes to finding and hiring accounting and bookkeeping companies and services for their needs. So, in this guide, we give you important tips for choosing the right bookkeepers for your business.

First of all….consider your own requirements as to why you need a bookkeeper in the first place.

choose a bookkeeper

Try and identify your business’s characteristics before selecting a bookkeeper

  1. Are you a small or medium sized business that has been, as of now, keeping your own books?
  2. Are you a start-up?
  3. Are you off shoring or outsourcing your bookkeeping currently?
  4. Do you already have a full or part time bookkeeper?

Once you identify and know these things you can understand your own requirements. Most businesses need to consider a new bookkeeping solution because their business is growing rapidly and/or the current solution is no longer suitable. Also, most small businesses are wary of hiring an accountant that charges hourly for a full time post and need to find a part time or cheaper service. In any case, this requirements list will help you shortlist the service providers..

Is s/he qualified and registered?

Did you know that starting August 2010, every book keeper in the country has to be registered with the Tax Practitioner’s Board? Naturally, you are wise enough to select a book keeper based on his qualifications and that s/he would have minimum level of experience. Additionally, do try and ensure that the person is also registered with the Board. You can also check out the official Bookkeeper website to learn more in this matter.

 Have a talk about the role you want him/her to play

Naturally, you would be meeting your shortlisted bookkeepers in person. When you do so, be very clear about what your expectations from him/her are and also the deadlines you want him to adhere to. Outline all the duties you’d want them to complete. Set realistic goals and deadlines so that you have all the information you need when you want it rather than when it suits your bookkeeper to deliver the same. Most bookkeepers charge by the hour so you must try and make the most of it.

Comparing rates

As with any job, it is of utmost importance that you compare quotes from various accountants. You certainly do not want to base your decision only on the amount they charge; the higher the experience, the greater the rate naturally would be. But remember: more experienced accountants would also likely finish the work faster than the less experienced candidates.  The more qualified accountant would also prepare the books in an error free manner than ones prepared by less experienced keepers.

Keeping ahead of changes

A good bookkeeper will always be abreast of latest changes and developments in the laws related to taxes etc. To assess if this is the case, subject the candidates to various questions pertaining to rules and regulations. Ask them what steps they will take for your business practices and laws pertaining to GST.  Also try and assess whether your shortlisted bookkeeper can offer more value added services rather than just doing the accounts.


Finally, your chosen accountant must also match with your personality.  You should strike an instant rapport with the selected candidate. If not,  you’d be less likely to feel comfortable in calling him/her each time you need specific advice for the business or for asking them for tailor-made solutions  for your requirements.

We hope these tips come in handy when selecting a good bookkeeper to help maintain your books.


How and why to become an X-ray technician

If you’re thinking about becoming an x-ray technician, then you are on a wise professional track. While many people have lost their jobs in the past 5 or 6 years due to the financial crisis, some careers have not only held steady, but have actually grown. One career that has done very well, even in times of economic crisis, is the x-ray technician profession.


Plus, now that the economy is getting back on track- the unemployment rate is improving and the job market is improving according to this website- the x-ray technician profession is doing better than ever. In fact, it is estimated that by 2022 this particular career will have over 20 percent growth. That is very good news in an otherwise bleak job market.

Why should I become an x-ray technician?


So, why has this field survived, and even thrived, where others have failed? The truth is that the medical field will always be a good option because no matter what people will continue to need medical services, in good and bad economic times. As long as medical services are needed, x-rays will be around, and therefore, qualified x-ray technicians will be in demand.


Aside from being not only a stable, but a growing profession, x-ray technicians earn an average of $52,000, which is quite good considering only a certificate or associate’s degree is required. In fact, this is one of the highest 2-year-degree paying professions; another aspect that makes this field a great career choice.


How to become an x-ray technician


To become an x-ray technician you’ll need either a relevant degree or a certificate. The certificate program in radiology usually takes a year and a half to two years (full-time) to complete. You’ll take several courses, and at the end of the program be awarded a certificate in radiology. If you take this route, make sure you choose a program certified by the Joint Review Committee on Education in Radiologic Technology.


If you decide to go for a college degree, you can choose between the associate’s degree (usually 2 years full-time) or the bachelors degree (usually 4 years full-time). Because it’s less of a commitment, many opt for the associate’s degree, but the bachelor’s degree is a good idea if you want to specialize in a certain type of radiography (for example, mammography or MRI), or if you are looking for advancement opportunities. X-ray technicians that possess a bachelor’s degree usually have a better chance of being promoted to positions such as supervisor, administrator, or even chief x-ray technician. Whether you opt for the associate’s or bachelor’s degree, once you’ve finished you’ll then need to be certified and registered with the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists.


To find out more about the educational requirements and salary opportunities for X-ray technicians, you can read more info here.


If you’re looking for a stable and growing career opportunity in the medical field, but don’t want to spend the time and money that medical school requires, consider the well-paid and stable profession of x-ray technician.

Key Things You Must Consider Before Having Plastic Surgery

A growing number of people are having plastic surgery for both cosmetic and medically necessary reasons.  If you are thinking about going for plastic surgery one of the most important things you must do is carefully screen each and every plastic surgeon until you find the one who is truly the top choice. We will show you how to identify the top plastic surgeon but how are you going to pay for the procedure ? With  medical insurance costs  rising the majority of us cannot afford basic health care nevermind plastic surgery, while most surgeons offer installment plans you will need to give some serious thought on how you will pay for the procedure.

think before plastic surgery

Selecting The Right Plastic Surgeon.

This surgery may have long term, long lasting effects on your appearance and self esteem so you need to make 100 % the plastic surgeon you do select is truly the best choice out there.  Start by creating  a list of each and every plastic surgeon in the area. After you have identified all of the plastic surgeons you need to check their credentials, are they board certified ? If they are board certified you have to find out where they studied, some medical schools are more prestigious than others and you want the best possible surgery.

Now that you know the names of all the individual plastic surgeons you have to start the screening process. The first step is to visit the website belonging to the plastic surgeon and read over the testimonials that were made by former patients who went to the plastic surgeon. By reading these testimonials it will provide you with valuable insight into the overall effectiveness of the plastic surgeon. Another option is to watch videos that were posted by former patients, while watching the videos you will gain some helpful insight into the suitability of the plastic surgeon.

Food For Thought

No matter how skilled the plastic surgeon is there are risks associated with any surgery and you have to take those into account before you make the final decision on whether to move forward with the procedure. Look at the long term benefits of the surgery in comparison to the risk of dying, the surgeon will provide you with suggestions on how to increase the chances of success like dieting, losing weight and quitting smoking but there is still risk so it would be wise to speak with your family and get their feedback. Once you have weighed all of the pros and cons you should be able to make the right decision, surgery is never an easy decision but if you followed these steps it can be an informed decision.

How To Find The Right Table Saw

Today we are going to teach you the right way to purchase a table saw, whenever you use powerful tools like this you need to wear high quality work boots or you could end up injuring yourself. The first thing you need to do is gather the names of all the online retailers that are selling table saws, this list is going to include websites like tablesawguy.com now that you know the names of the online retailers you should look at the various makes and models of table saws that are currently for sale.

brand new table saw

How To Select The Right Table Saw For Your Needs

Table saws come in a variety of shapes and sizes so what you need to do is ask yourself what you are going to be using the saw for now and what do you plan on doing with the saw in the future. Once you have addressed these items you need to start looking for table saws that match your needs.  After you have spotted the saws that are suitable for your needs you can start reviewing them to try and identify the model that is the most popular with other consumers. The best place to get this information is websites like YouTube. While watching video testimonials made by individuals who are using these table saws. Once you have finished reviewing these videos it should become clear to you which brand of table saw is clearly the best and which is not suitable.

Getting A Great Deal On The Brand New Table Saw

After you have located the brand of table saw that is truly the most popular with other consumers you need to find the vendor with the most competitive pricing. What you need to do is note the prices being charged by each of the vendors until you find the ones with the most competitive offer. Once you have identified the merchants with the best pricing you need to look at their reputation to make absolutely sure they are reliable. The best way to verify the suitability of the online retailer is by reading over the testimonials left by former clients. Once you are certain the online vendor is dependable you need to find out how much it will cost to ship the table saw to your home.  Since these saws can be rather heavy you really need to be proactive when verifying shipping costs.

Proper Use Of The Table Saw

This is a powerful tool and must be respected at all times, there are people who do not respect the power of the table saw and end up injuring themselves. Always wear protective glasses and work boots at all times, an accident can happen any time so be proactive and you should be able to get the best performance possible from your brand new table saw.